Material culture

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Asian material culture

Asian material culture

Asian material culture can be discussed within the framework of the annual Chinese Mid-Autumn Festival, Chung Chiu, and in particular the giving and receiving of moon cakes (yuèbı˘ng 月餅), as they are known in Mandarin, and the ways this specific custom and culture are linked. Given this context, the essay sets out to discuss the underlying symbolism of moon cakes and their meaning, their historical and seasonal significance as well as the fact that the festival is also steeped in legend and mythology, even extending to the fundamental canon of Taoism.
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Book review: Wintle, C. (2013). Colonial Collecting and Display. Encounters With Material Culture From the Andaman and Nicobar Islands

Book review: Wintle, C. (2013). Colonial Collecting and Display. Encounters With Material Culture From the Andaman and Nicobar Islands

gained sufficient first-hand experience and sources for her research. Yet, Claire Wintle emphasizes that her book is not an ethnographic study of the culture and peoples of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, but is an object-centered – that is, not text-focused – research of the colonial project (p. 11). Along with an emerging group of scholars – amongst others museologists and anthropologists such as Nicholas Thomas, Chris Gosden, and Chantal Knowles – the author em- phasizes the importance of material culture in exploring the cultural, social, and economic processes of empire formation. The author raises one major question: What do a certain set of objects and its changing meaning reveal about imperi- al histories? Throughout her analysis, Wintle seeks to answer this question by investigating the factors that played a role in the biography of the collection displayed in RPMBH.
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View of Material Culture Research: The Object as Neglected Source in the Historiographical Discourse

View of Material Culture Research: The Object as Neglected Source in the Historiographical Discourse

Dieser Sammelband ist aus einer Tagungskooperation zwischen dem Forschungszentrum Gotha der Universität Erfurt (FZG) und dem Graduate Centre for the Study of Culture der Justus-Liebig-Universität Gießen (GCSC) entstanden. Das Doppeltagungsprojekt mit unterschiedlichem Epochenfokus (FZG: Frühe Neuzeit; GCSC: 19.-21. Jahrhundert) warf dabei einen Blick auf den Erkenntnisgewinn durch Berücksichtigung der „vermeintlich neuen Perspektive der material culture research“ (S. 7) in Deutschland, der Band selbst konzentriert sich auf Beispiele des 16. bis 18. Jahrhunderts. Es ist wahrscheinlich der ursprünglichen Ausrichtung der Doppeltagung geschuldet, dass es trotz der Schwerpunktsetzung auf der Frühen Neuzeit einzelne epochenübergreifende Fallbeispiele gibt, was jedoch einen Mehrwert bedeutet.
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Research design : the explorative potential of research-planning processes in visual and material culture

Research design : the explorative potential of research-planning processes in visual and material culture

Alesya Krit is an anthropologist and a post-doc fellow at the International Graduate Centre for the Study of Culture in Giessen, Germany. Her background involves re- search projects relating to material culture, architecture, and migration (particularly lifestyle migration) at multiple universities, including Trinity College Dublin (Ireland), University College London (UK), Stanford University (USA) and Senshu University (Japan). Her current teaching and research focuses on the topics of methodological plu- ralism, and she is writing a book on the ‘Cultural Meanings of Energy.’
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Germans' Things. Material Culture and Daily Life in East and West, 1949-2009

Germans' Things. Material Culture and Daily Life in East and West, 1949-2009

From October 1-3, 2009, an international group of historians and museum specialists convened in the UCLA Library and Villa Aurora under the auspices of the Wende Museum and Archive of the Cold War and the German Historical Institute. In six panels and a plenary discussion, they scrutinized the role of “things”—that is, objects of material culture—and their importance for the writing of German history. Some of the presenters focused on tangible objects, such as photographs or menus; others looked at the practices associated with objects, from teaching sex education to collecting designer pieces of furniture. Exploring the political, social, and cultural his- tory of the two postwar German states in the Cold War era from the perspective of material culture, conference participants emphasized three areas of research: fi rst, the function of things in the every- day life of East and West Germans; second, the history of cultural transfers of material culture, including diff erent, oft en contesting, interpretations and appropriations of objects and their associated uses; and third, present-day museum practices as indicators of the politics of “doing history.”
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Monarchy, Myth, and Material Culture in Germany 1750–1950

Monarchy, Myth, and Material Culture in Germany 1750–1950

The book’s structure is partly chronological and partly systemat- ic. It begins with an overview over the 100 years from 1750 to 1850, when a new material culture of monarchy took root in German socie- ty. Here, the cult surrounding Frederick II ‘the Great’ and the Luisen - kult, which turned Frederick William III’s consort, who died early, into the epitome of German motherhood and Prussian resistance to Napoleon, were pivotal. Memorabilia of Frederick and Louise also formed the centrepieces of later collections. Frederick William III, by contrast, pales by comparison, which Giloi attributes to his conserva- tive politics and restrained personality. Giloi thus demonstrates that the Luisenkult, which took off almost immediately after the queen’s death in 1810, did not translate into admiration for the widowed king. Here it already becomes apparent that the popular cult of mon - archy was a question of projection. This becomes especially clear in Giloi’s chapters on William I and the Hohenzollern Museum. They form the analytical core of the book, making up five of the book’s eleven chapters (excluding introduction and conclusion), and also figuring prominently in the long term analyses in chapters 2 and 4.
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Anzeige von Rezension zu: Martin Pitts/Miguel John Versluys (Hg.), Globalisation and the Roman World. World History, Connectivity and Material Culture

Anzeige von Rezension zu: Martin Pitts/Miguel John Versluys (Hg.), Globalisation and the Roman World. World History, Connectivity and Material Culture

oikumene, and that, hence, we cannot but understand the cultural system as a global- ised one from that period onwards“ (S. 143). Über eine kritische Auseinandersetzung mit Vorstellungen, welche dem Begriff der ‚Akkulturation‘ inhärent sind und nicht die kulturelle Komplexität der römischen Welt abdecken (S. 144-146), gelangt Ver- sluys zu einigen Schlussfolgerungen, welche er unter der Überschrift: „Actualities of the longue durée“ zusammenfasst (S. 163-167). Versluys anerkennt A. Wallace- Hadrill’s Studie „Rome’s cultural revolution“ 22 als einen Markstein zum Verständnis von Transformationsprozessen der römischen Gesellschaft zur Zeit der späten Repub- lik und im frühen Principat, insofern der Verfasser etwa im Zusammenhang von ‚Ro- manisation‘ nicht von einer einfachen Zweigliedrigkeit zwischen Rom als Akteur und betroffenen Gebieten als Objekten ausgeht, sondern diese als in wechselseitigen Be- ziehungen zueinander stehend und damit als relativ ansieht. Versluys geht noch einen Schritt weiter und postuliert, dass ein sachgerechter Zugang zum Verständnis insbe- sondere der römischen materiellen Kultur besser auf dem Weg von ‚Globalisierungs- Studien‘ möglich sei: „connections and disconnections between cultures, cultural con- cepts and material culture stylistically indicated by these names“ (S. 165). 23 Er unter-                                                             
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The Arma Christi in Medieval and Early Modern Material Culture: With a Critical Edition of »O Vernicle«

The Arma Christi in Medieval and Early Modern Material Culture: With a Critical Edition of »O Vernicle«

The volume itself is beautifully produced, including 29 black and white figures, 29 striking color plates, and  a comprehensive bibliography for each article. The editors and authors hav[r]

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Nuussuarmiut: hunting families on the big headland; demography, subsistence and material culture in Nuussuaq, Upernavik, Northwest Greenland

Nuussuarmiut: hunting families on the big headland; demography, subsistence and material culture in Nuussuaq, Upernavik, Northwest Greenland

A monograph in which the information has been assembled by a single person has of course the weak- ness that one naturally cannot be everywhere in the study area around the clock for a[r]

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Sacred Communities, Shared Devotions: Gender, Material Culture, and Monasticism in Late Medieval Germany

Sacred Communities, Shared Devotions: Gender, Material Culture, and Monasticism in Late Medieval Germany

Ziel der Autorin war es, eine Studie zur vielschichtigen Frömmigkeit und den Andachtspraktiken der  religiösen Frauen sowie ihrer Gemeinschaften vorzulegen. In Kapitel 1 beginnt sie mit [r]

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Sacred Communities, Shared Devotions: Gender, Material Culture, and Monasticism in Late Medieval Germany

Sacred Communities, Shared Devotions: Gender, Material Culture, and Monasticism in Late Medieval Germany

Mecham makes frequent use of detailed studies by others, for instance, Tanja Kohwagner-nikolai’s investigation of the Wien hau - sen embroideries. It is greatly to her credit that she has extensively absorbed German-language research, given the widespread igno- rance of this material in the anglophone research today. She also understands the relevant historical vernaculars—Middle high Ger - man, Low German, and Dutch—which enables her to study the orig- inal sources beyond the universal language of Latin.

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Gender and Culture

Gender and Culture

ABSTRACT IZA DP No. 13607 AUGUST 2020 Gender and Culture * This paper reviews the literature on gender and culture. Gender gaps in various outcomes (competitiveness, labor force participation, and performance in mathematics, amongst many others) show remarkable differences across countries and tend to persist over time. The economics literature initially explained these differences by looking at standard economic variables such as the level of development, women’s education, the expansion of the service sector, and discrimination. More recent literature has argued that gender differences in a variety of outcomes could reflect underlying cultural values and beliefs. This article reviews the literature on the relevance of culture in the determination of different forms of gender gap. I examine how differences in historical situations could have been relevant in generating gender differences and the conditions under which gender norms tend to be stable or to change over time, emphasizing the role of social learning. Finally, I review the role of different forms of cultural transmission in shaping gender differences, distinguishing between channels of vertical transmission (the role of the family), horizontal transmission (the role of peers), and oblique transmission (the role of teachers or role models).
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Exploring Surveillance Culture

Exploring Surveillance Culture

Clearly, many online participants find performing to be empowering. At the same time, there is little doubt that several kinds of power relations are involved in performa- tive surveillance. Power relations exist at everything from surveillance at an immediate and interpersonal level 19 right through to those of corporate and government surveil- lance at a global scale. Such power relations — my fourth concept — are highly com- plex and hard to unravel, especially as they are often in a mutual relation with each other. When commentators and critics argue that empowerment is conferred by surveil- lance — enjoying the publicity and attention obtained through ‘likes’ and a growing band of ‘followers’ — they may also be unintentionally missing or downplaying the ways in which those behaviours are shaped by the structure of the platforms them- selves. In other words, while the power of the gaze within contemporary surveillance culture is not in question, how it is manifest is not as easily discernable.
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Vokabelliste: Culture – kapiert.de

Vokabelliste: Culture – kapiert.de

festival Festival history Geschichte architecture Architektur language Sprache dictionary Wörterbuch museum Museum exhibition Ausstellung concert Konzert orchestra Orchester piano Klavie[r]

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Corporate Culture 4.0

Corporate Culture 4.0

Immer wenn es zu großen internen oder externen Verän- derungsprozessen (u. a. schnelles Wachstum, Firmenzusam- menschlüsse, Führungswechsel oder Wertewandel) kommt, sollte sich ein Unternehmen bewusst und kritisch mit der ei- genen Unternehmenskultur auseinandersetzen (Sackmann 2017). Nur so ist es möglich zu analysieren, inwiefern die neue Situation durch die Unternehmenskultur gestützt oder gar ge- hemmt wird, um dann entsprechend reagieren zu können. Die Digitalisierung kann als ein solcher externer Veränderungspro- zess verstanden werden. Denn in einer Zeit, in der ein zuneh- mender Einsatz und die Nutzung von digitalen Technologien beziehungsweise die Substitution vormals analoger durch di- gitale Prozesse in praktisch allen Bereichen und Branchen der Wirtschaft eine große Rolle spielen, wird die Anpassung an und Transformation in das digitale Zeitalter als „überlebens- notwendig“ für das einzelne Unternehmen verstanden (Pfeif- fer et  al. 2016). Neben der Einführung von technischen Ver- änderungen stellen jedoch meist die sozialen und kulturel- len Änderungen, die solche Transformationsprozesse mit sich bringen, eine große Herausforderung dar. Diese können nicht einfach „eingekauft und implementiert“ werden. Daher wird inzwischen häufig, insbesondere in Veröffentlichungen von Unternehmensberatungen (u. a. BCG 2018; capgemini 2017; McKinsey 2017), von einer „Digital (Corporate) Culture“ ge-
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Culture and Education

Culture and Education

School stands for instruction and forming as means for children's learning, while the world outside school (here understood as childhood culture) stands for more informal kinds o[r]

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Demokratisierung durch „Cancel Culture“

Demokratisierung durch „Cancel Culture“

Ray als Opfer von „Cancel Culture“ , die die Kunstfreiheit immer weiter einschränke. Um die Kunst und Kunstfreiheit geht es dabei aber eigentlich gar nicht. Sie ist nur der Austragungsort gesellschaftspolitischer Auseinandersetzungen um Sexismus, Rassismus und Transphobie. Dabei sind Kunstfreiheit und Meinungsfreiheit

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Building research culture

Building research culture

There is no better way of building research cultures in Asia than to develop healthy authorship, workshop, refereeing and editorial processes of the indigenous journals. Unfortunately, the international publication requirement undermines this fundamental goal. It not only diverts the best minds to try to publish abroad, it undercuts the attempts to develop good journals and research culture at home.

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Material zur GFS Fibonacci-Folge

Material zur GFS Fibonacci-Folge

Er veröffentlichte verschiedene Bücher, von denen einige noch heute in Abschriften erhalten sind. Mit seinem Namen verbinden sich besondere Leistungen in der Arithmetik und Algebra [r]

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Index of /Material/Pruefungen

Index of /Material/Pruefungen

Das Prüfungszimmer wird jeweils im Stundenplan eingetragen.. Klasse 1.[r]

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