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2002 INEKO - Policy Documentation Center


Academic year: 2023

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The assessment of the measure shows the contribution of the assessed measure to the economic and social development of the country. However, a compromise character of the act presents incompatible principles in the field of university funding.

Privatization of SPP, a.s. (Slovak Gas Company)

Electronic Signature Act

Computerization of the Judiciary (Introduction to the Courts of a Case Management

Privatization of Slovenská poisťovňa, a.s. (Slovak Insurance Company)

Draft of the Higher Judicial Officials Act

Draft of the Constitutional Act on Conflict of Interests

Sale of Istrobanka

Act on Genetic Technologies and Genetically Modified Organisms

New Draft Arbitration Act

Draft Act to Fight Overbearing and Insolence of State to Citizens (Reduction of State

Draft Act on the Establishment of the State Treasury System

Regulatory Rules for Gas Distribution Utilities (Pricing of Gas)

Amendment to the Labor Code

Abolishing the Restriction on PVC Production

Science and Technology Act

Draft Social Insurance Act

Extension of the Deadline for Property Declaration

Act on the Slovak Academy of Sciences (SAV)

New University Act

Amendments to the Public Service Act

Cancelling the Tender for the Sale of Slovenské lodenice Komárno (Slovak Shipbuilding

Decision of Financial Market Authority on the Sale of VSŽ (a Steel Company) Stocks

In March 2002, the government negotiated and approved the draft of the Higher Judicial Officers Act with some objections. Members of the Parliament of the SRC approved 3 amendments to the Public Service Act.

National Property Fund’s (FNM) Suggestion for the Allocation of SPP (Slovak Gas

Postponing the Tranformation of the News Agency of the Slovak Republic (TASR)

Government Loan to the Municipality of Košice

Proposal to Increase Social Benefits for Members of the Slovak Parliament

Proposal to Compensate Clients of Bankrupt “Pyramid Schemes”

The draft law on social insurance pays insufficient attention to the analysis of alternative early retirement. The purpose of the amendment was to extend the deadline for filing the property declaration. On January 8, the Financial Market Authority (ÚFT) stopped the financial clearing of the sale of shares of Východoslovenské Železiarne Košice (VSŽ) from the portfolio of the state-owned company Transpetrol.

This change is expected to substantially increase management flexibility and the economy.

New Law on Accounting (Harmonization of the Slovak Accounting System with the

New Legislation Concerning the System of Payments (Cutting Time Limits for Electronic

Lien upon Movable Assets (Amendment to the Commercial Code)

Amendment to the Foreign Exchange Act (Liberalization of Capital Flows)

Amendment to the Telecommunication Act (Liberalization of Telephone Services since

New Model of Active Provision of Information Regarding the Grant Allocation Process

Privatization of Electricity Distribution Companies

Experts assume that the recent introduction of the possibility of establishing a lien on movable property has improved the business environment. The result will be greater flexibility and space, and thus increased efficiency in the use of resources. The amendment to the Foreign Exchange Act from last June is supposed to complete the legislative adjustments in the process of capital flow liberalization and is gradually replacing individual legal regulations.

The proceeds from the sale of shares are expected to reach approximately SKK 25 billion.

Strengthening the Control of State Property Management (Model Statutes for State-

National Bank of Slovakia Raised Interest Rates by 0.5 Percentage Points

Slovak Bus Transport Companies (SAD) Privatized

Assigning 1 Per Cent of Corporate Income Tax of Legal Entities for Community Purposes

Directors will conclude so-called management contracts directly with the founder of the state enterprise. Privatization of seventeen state-owned companies of the Slovak Bus Transport (SAD) was welcomed by the majority of experts. Under the first phase of privatization of 17 state-owned companies of the Slovak Bus Transport (SAD), the sale to predetermined investors of 49% of the shares of all transformed joint stock companies of SAD is expected this year in tenders conducted by the National Real Estate Fund (FNM). of the SR.

Public bus transport accounts for 85 percent of public transport on the territory of Slovakia.

Decision by the Antimonopoly Office of the SR to Stop Internet Provision by the Slovak

New Legislation Proposal for Citizens’ Participation in the Legislative Process

Slovak Republic not Becoming Party to European Code Of Social Rights

Law on State Debt and State Loan Guarantees (Establishing the State Debt Management

Use of the Privatization Proceeds from SPP (Slovak Gas Industry) and Energy

Amendment to the Supplementary Pension Insurance Act (Mandatory Insurance of

Five Per Cent Raise in Pensions

This year, for the first time, individuals were allowed to take advantage of the tax deferral scheme. After the adoption of the law, experts do not expect mass public participation in the legislative process. According to the new regulations, the Ministry of Finance of the Slovak Republic will be responsible for the conduct and management of state guarantees.

The purpose of the new law is to prevent the provision of guarantees for risky projects.

Repayment of a Part (USD 230m) of the Russian Debt in Cash (USD 88m)

Act on Packaging (Mandatory Reserves for Packaging Materials)

Ban on Imports of Czech Meat as a Way of Slovakia’s Retaliation

The decision of the Antimonopoly Office of the Slovak Republic on the suspension of the Internet provision of Slovak Telecom with ADSL technology. The Slovak government refused to agree to sign the European Social Security Code and its protocol. Signing the European Social Security Code is not a condition for joining the European Union.

According to this law, the Ministry of Finance (MF) of the Slovak Republic should establish the Agency for the Management of the State Debt.

Ordering of Medical Services: Contracts between General Health Insurance Company

Cancelling the Tender for State Treasury System

Act on Substitute Alimonies (Establishment of Alimonies Fund)

State Guarantee of SKK 11.7bn Extended to the Slovak Railways

Act on Retail Chains (a Stricter Regulation of Hypermarkets)

Write-off of the Debt of the Slovak Television and Slovak Radio Amounting to SKK 711m

Tender for Light Trains Run by the Railway Company (Železničná spoločnosť, a.s.)

Some evaluators would be in favor of postponing privatization and selling all shares to private investors. Debt write-off of Slovak Television and Slovak Radio in the amount of SKK 711 million. It was covered by the National Property Fund (FNM) of the Slovak Republic and its revenues from privatization.

The government in SR declared a deficit at the level of 4.5% GDP as its new target.

Communist-Era State Security (Štb) Files Opened to the Public, Founding the “Nation's

Opening up The Electricity Market (Imports) for Large Customers

Tax on Losses Abolished

Tax Holidays for Investors Abolished

Privatization of Health-Service Institutions

Introducing Electronically Collected Motorway Fees (Tolls) after 2007

About 20 customers can currently benefit from the opening of the electricity market. Experts also emphasized the fact that tax holidays are only one of many factors in an investment decision. Privatization of the majority of healthcare institutions in Slovakia is one of the key prerequisites for the realization of the long-awaited transformation of the Slovak healthcare sector.

Privatization of the health sector has always been on the agenda of all recent government meetings.

Legislative Intention to Draft the Act on Pension Insurance Capital Pillar: Alternative B -

Tender for Light Trains Run by the Railway Company Cancelled

Increasing Eximbanka’s Equity by SKK 330m (to SKK 3bn)

Collecting Half (USD 460m) of the Russian Debt in Cash (USD 138m)

Istrochem Bratislava Sold (92% share for SKK 202m)

Minimum Wages Increase to SKK 5,570 (by SKK 650)

State Guarantees to the Slovak Electricity Company (SKK 6bn)

State Guarantees to the Slovak Shipbuilding Company in Komárno (SLKB) (EUR 23m)

Proposal to Establish Slovak Venture Capital Fund

Framework for the 2003 National Budget

License to the Third Mobile Operator - the Company Profinet, Inc

Draft Slovak Audio and Video Fund Act

Thus, the Slovak government will have to solve the problem of foreign investors who have already been given tax relief (eg the annual relief given to Volkswagen Slovakia and U.S. Steel Košice is estimated at around 22 million euros). Regarding the generally long process of Russian debt collection as well as the relatively high return on the transaction (compared to other countries, e.g. Czech Republic, Paris Club), it can be concluded that this quick solution is acceptable. The agreement also guarantees a 12-month option on all stock for SR's National Property Fund.

The increase in the minimum wage increases the gap between the minimum wage and the subsistence minimum (4,596 Sk) (previously 472 Sk compared to the current 974 Sk).

Legislative Intention to Draft Act on Pension Insurance Capital Pillar: Alternative A -

It should also have developed cinemas and audio and video production and distribution technologies. The Fund was expected to raise money from contributions from private TV broadcasters (3% of their total revenues), from Slovak public television (3% of concessionaires' fees), cable companies (1%), cinemas (1% ), audiovisual and video stores (5% of the price). The law also allowed the Fund to receive subsidies from the national budget for the fulfillment of tasks of general interest.

New collective agreement for Slovak television (severance payments of 10 to 12 months in case of dismissal of top managers).

New Collective Agreement for the Slovak TV (10- to 12-Month Severance Payments upon

The management of the funds will be supervised by the Financial Market Authority, the Ministry of Finance, the Ministry of Labor, Social and Family Affairs, and the Supreme Audit Office of RS. The Minister of Labor supported his proposal by claiming that if there is a mandatory contribution to social security, the state should provide a guarantee. According to him, the system needs to be adjusted, because the Slovak capital market is underdeveloped and Slovakia lacks relevant experience.

Security of Tenure for Top Experts without Passing Qualification Exam (Amendment to

In early July, the Slovak parliament approved the amendment to the Civil Service Act, which defined 1,300 top expert positions. The civil servants who were previously classified in the category of top experts and were not appointed to temporary civil service by 8 August will be appointed to tenure in accordance with the Amendment before 1 September 2002 at the latest. Unlike other non-top officials, who are required to attend the prescribed training and pass an examination to obtain the tenure, top experts will be appointed without any qualification requirement.

The Civil Service is about to appeal to the Constitutional Court, as it is believed that the amendment violates the principle of equality guaranteed in the Constitution, favors a certain group of civil servants and gives rise to a system of castes .

Conclusion of Accession Negotiations with the European Union

Abolishing Restrictions (Customs Duties and Quotas) in Trade with the Czech Republic

Memorandum of the Government of the Slovak Republic

With regard to the Free Movement of Persons chapter, there was a requirement for a transition period on the part of the EU. There was a request for a transition period on the part of the EU in relation to the chapter Transport. Cabotage currently accounts for an average of less than 1% of international road freight transport in the EU.

The scope of the promised reforms is considerable (including reforms in the field of public finances, the social system, public health or justice).

Amendment to the Employment Act (Stricter Eligibility Conditions for Unemployment

Raising Regulated Prices

The Government Policy Memorandum of the Government of the Slovak Republic was appreciated as an ambitious project. Amendment of the Labor Act (stricter conditions for unemployment benefits; municipalities as executors of the law). Another aim of the amendment is to reduce the state's expenditure on active employment policies.

A smaller volume of funds (compared to 2002) was allocated to the budgets for housing construction, highways and agriculture.

Amendment to the Social Assistance Act (Cuts of Social Assistance Benefits and

Income from the state budget is scheduled at the Sk 235.4bn level, and expenditure at Sk 291.437bn. The state budget continues the reforms of the Ministry of Finance (programme budget, medium-term outlook, integration of state funds, decentralization of public finances), which, however, leaves open issues about the medium-term concept and priorities of government policy. If refused to do so, the amount of the benefit will be cut in half.

None of the benefits will be tied to the subsistence minimum; instead, a lump sum will be determined.

Amendment to the Act on Civil Service (Opportunity to Recall Heads of Service Offices;

Reduction of Interest Rates by the National Bank of Slovakia (by 1.5 Percentage Points)

The amendment expanded the list of implementers of active employment policy by adding municipalities. The amendment also tightened the conditions for registering unemployed people with the corresponding registers. Positions of strategic significance are key positions in the implementation of the Government Policy Memorandum.

They are identified by the head of the service office with the consent of ÚŠS.

Slimming Down the Government (Dissolution of the Ministry of Privatization and of the

Raising Excise Tax on Tobacco and Mineral Oils

Freezing the Salaries of Constitutional Officials and State Sector Employees

The opposition criticized that, in their opinion, the social aspect of the government's policy memorandum was insufficiently addressed. They also criticized the ambiguity of the further direction of the public service reform. This is due to the government's approach to public finances, which has changed little compared to what happened in the past.

The government's draft law on the State Budget already included a freeze on the tariff salaries of professional soldiers.

Proposal to Introduce Flat Payments for Health Care Related Services (Draft Amendment

Reducing the Gap between Value Added Tax Rates (Amendment to the VAT Act)

The real capacity of the public finances has also been reflected in the cuts in child benefits. The amount of the child benefit supplement will depend on the family's income (2 income groups). According to the amendment, payments of the supplement will be linked to the child's regular schooling.

The central bank's fight against a strong currency has sparked criticism from some economists. Granting of a state guarantee for a loan to the Railways of the Slovak Republic (Železnice SR, a.s.) in the amount of SKK 2.1 billion. There is also a lack of a principled political decision when it comes to railway debt.



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