• Nem Talált Eredményt

Lt. Col. József Lajos Komjáthy: The preparation of effect-based operations in counter-insurgency activities . . . .64

The author of the study provides an overview of the significance of the effects-based operations – in the light of security challenges – in the conflicts of the 21st century. Accordingly, at first the division of effects-based operations in counter-insurgency operations is described, including their possible application on the basis of the methods, then the issue of the preparation of counter-insurgency opera- tions is presented.

Keywords: effects-based operations, counter-insurgency operations, operation preparation.

INTERNATIONAL ACTIVITIES

Maj. Gen. (Ret.) Eng. János Isaszegi: Conflicts and wars of crisis zones 2015/2016 (2) . . . 75 The events of 2015 did not bring peace or calm development process any closer in the world: fighting with an increasing number of actors continued in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen, enmities are permanent in the Middle East, North and Central Africa, a brother war goes on between Slavic states in East Ukraine; terrorist acts are carried out all over the world, which sees religious, ethnic, tribal, and territorial wars, uncontrolled mass migration; uncontrolled terror-migration; all these events are further complicated with environmental disasters. What conclusions can be drawn from the events of the year 2015 and what can be expected from 2016 (and the next period of time) in the field of – more – successful conflict and crisis management? These are the questions which the author wishes to answer in his comprehensive analysis.

Keywords: refugee crisis, jihad activism, terror-migration, economic and environmental refugees, radicalism, postcolonial migration, expansion, virtual money, Caspian resource conflict, water con- flict, North Korea, Taliban

Lt. Col. Alajos Kiss: A UN mission in the Central African Republic . . . .88 On 21st March 2015 the Hungarian Defence Forces deployed the first four Hungarian soldiers to the new peace support operation of the United Nations in Africa. Two of them do staff officer work and the other two perform military observer tasks. The new Hungarian commitment provides Hungary with a more sophisticated and more complete picture of the current situation of this ill-fated African country. The study presents the basic characteristics of the country, the currently operating United Nations mission there, and a brief report of the relating UN resolutions.

Keywords: MINUSCA, BINUCA, MISCA, military observers, Central African Republic, Bangui, UN peace support operations

COMMAND TRAINING

Maj. Norbert Nagy: Meeting the requirements of operational security during the use of combat power ratio . . . 100

The requirements of operational security are getting increasingly highlighted at the time of planning and preparation of military operations. An analysis of the combat power ratio of components allows the identification how to protect what information within the framework of the operational security in order to ensure the successful execution of the operations. The study attempts to identify the tasks and activities relating to operational security with which information on friendly military technology – affecting the combat power ratio – can be safeguarded.

Keywords: power relations, combat power ratio, operation planning process, military decision-making, operational security, critical information

Col. Péter Balogh – Lt. Col. Ferenc Cserjési: On the Hungarian advanced leadership

training in a nutshell . . . 109 The authors provide a brief overview of the establishment of the Hungarian national officer training, on the general staff training that evolved from it, and of the resulting advanced leadership training. They present the domestic and international factors influencing the program of the training course. They describe the achievements of the training course, as well as the opportunities of further involvement of international cooperation and other public service professions.

Keywords: officer training, general staff training, advanced military leadership training, general staff training course, Ludovika Military Academy, War College

Col. (Ret.) Dénes Harai: Military identity formations, value selections, and dissensions . . . 126 A conference “Changing and permanent – Values in military ethics” was held on 15th November 2015, organized by the Military Science Research Group of the National University of Public Service. The conference was aimed at the research of permanent and enduring values in our changing world, which can be utilized in preparing the military officer cadets. Both the students and teachers were interested in the conference, which was followed by a discussion. The contribution of professor Dénes Harai is published by our journal, which is also open to a discussion and would be glad to publish the reflec- tions related to the issue.

Keywords: socity, military, culture, identity, moral values, moral confusion, dissension LOGISTICS

Lt. Col. Mihály Antal: Some logistic challenges connected to the transformation of the ISAF, their man- agement and the transition to the RSM . . . 133

The article – partly on the basis of the personal experience of the author – presents the logistical challenges, difficulties and their management experienced during the transformation of ISAF, the previous NATO operation in Afghanistan. It concentrates on the Hungarian involvement, its legal background and transformation, the withdrawal of the personnel and assets, then on the transition to the preparation for the RSM mission.

Keywords: Afghanistan, NATO, ISAF, transformation phase, RSM, Hungarian involvement, logistics, ammunition

MILITARY HISTORY

Lt. Col. Tibor Balla: Hungarian troops on the western front of the Great War . . . 141 In August 1914 the First World War broke out, regarded by many as the hugest catastrophe of the twentieth century. The Austro-Hungarian land forces fought primarily on fronts along the border of the Monarchy (the Balkans, Russian, Italian, Romanian fronts), but some of its artillery units and infantry divisions reached the Western Front, considered the main theatre of the World War. Since at the time of the Great War there was no independent Hungarian armed forces, because of the multinational nature and the unique structure of the forces of Austria-Hungary, units consisting only of Hungarian soldiers rarely existed, it is more correct if the study presents a summary of the combat activities of the Austro-Hungarian troops on the Western Front.

Keywords: Krakow Castle Artillery Regiment, Western Front, Imperial and Royal 1st Infantry Divi- sion, Lieutenant General Ludwig Goiginger

FORUM

Col. (Ret.) Sándor Kolozsvári: Reflections on a unique book . . . 148 The author expresses his thoughts on a recently published book (the Islamic State. Terrorism 2.0. Kos- suth Publishing House, Budapest, 2016). The article is made particularly interesting by the author’s personal experience previously acquired in Syria.

Keywords: Aleppo, Islamic State, Quran, Internet REVIEW

Col. (Ret.) Eng Csaba Gál: International military and military technology review 152

A summary of the latest news in the international military and military technology press.

Márton Erdős: The process of the First World War and of the collapse

of the Habsburg Monarchy – from Austrian aspects . . . 158 A review of the book Der erste Weltkrieg und das Ende der Habsburgermonarchie 1914 - 1918, written by authors Manfried Rauchensteiner and Josef Broukal.

144. ÉVFOLYAM 2016/3. SZÁM

Honvédségi