Bildungs- und Gesundheitsarbeit in den Armenvierteln der Mega-Stadt KolkataEine empirische Untersuchung zu den Einflussmöglichkeiten auf die Lebenssituation benachteiligter Menschen am Beispiel der NGO „Calcutta Rescue“

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IMPACT ASSESSMENT – NO 1 SCHOOL

SURVEY – KIDS / GIRLS

General Information

Puja Singh, 12 Tulsi Singh, 11 Sunita Singh, 11 Nisha Singh, 11 Laxmi Singh, 11

4. I would like to know how many people are in your family. Who is living at home with you?

-

mother + father

-

two younger brothers

→ 5 persons in total

- mother + father - one older brother - two younger brothers → 6 persons in total

- mother

- father (is just living with them once in a year for 1 ½ months, because he is clothes seller and living in different places like Delhi and Madras)

- uncle + aunt with their two grown up children - cousin + his wife with one kid

- cousin (she is married but the husband doesn't live with them) and her two kids

- aunt (father's sister) → joined family, in total

12 persons - mami + papa - grandmother - older brother - uncle → 6 persons in total

-

mami + papa

- two sisters (one of them is married an not living with them)

- one younger brother - aunt (mother's sister) + uncle with their son - uncle (mother's brother) + aunt with their daughter and two sons

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Domestic situation

5. Please, tell me about your day yesterday (

– what did you do after you woke up...what happened in school yesterday and what did

you learn there? What did you do after school? Do you play with your brothers and sisters after school? Do you meet some friends?)

- yesterday was Sunday,

so no school - housework such as

washing vegetables, fetching water from outside the house - brothers did not like to

play with her

- played with companions and friends

- school homework - watched TV

- played with companions - not playing with the brothers, but

communication like joking - yesterday was Sunday

- got up early in the morning

- going to formal school at 6am

- after school private coaching center for more education

- arriving at CR at 12 o'clock

- going home at 2h30 - at home she had a snack and slept a bit

- reading a hindi book afterwards for school - afterwards again to private coaching center at 6pm

- no time for playing - only time for playing in CR

- returning to home at 9pm

- yesterday was Sunday - after getting up, she took a bath and brushed her teeth

- took breakfast - watched TV

- she went to play with her friends

- again TV

- mid-day meal and afterwards sleeping - again TV

- at 11pm taking supper and sleeping

- she also cleaned her bed and bed cover

- organized her schoolbooks and schoolbag

- at 8pm she went to market to buy new shoes

- yesterday was Sunday - got up early in the morning, brushed teeth - breakfast

- fetching water from outside the house - she is living in the first floor, water is downstairs - taking a bath

- opened her books for studying on her own: english, maths, hindi - playing with her friends and sleeping afterwards - doing the dishes

- fetching water again - watching TV

- buying flour

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6. What is your home like? (e.g. tell me something about your sleeping place)

- she likes her home,

because there is one bed and she is getting a comfortable sleep in it - the house is very small - the parents sleep on the

floor with the two other kids

- the house has only one room and all the

household work is done there

- they don't have an own toilet, they use the community toilet in the slum, which all people in the slum use

- one little room - one little bed

- father is sleeping in the bed

- mother and she are sleeping on the floor - the 3 brothers are

sleeping in their uncles house because there is so little space

- using the public bathroom - 14/15 families share the

public bathroom

- three rooms in their home - they have an own

bathroom (afterwards she

says they use the public toilet)

- in one room there is a

kitchen attached - uncle and aunt are

sleeping in the biggest room

- in the smallest room her cousin is sleeping with her two kids

- in the middle sized room Sunita is sleeping with her mother, aunt and the cousin with his wife an son

- they share a bed, Sunita is sleeping on the floor

- home is one room (very small)

- there is a small bed and a small almirah (wardrobe) to put clothes inside and a TV

- in the bed only the grandmother is sleeping - uncle is sleeping outside

the house

- mother, father + Nisha are sleeping on the floor - brother is sleeping under

the bed

- kitchen is in the corridor of the home

- using the public bathroom

- only one room for the whole family

- one bed for mother, sister, brother and herself - family of mother's brother

is sleeping under this bed - family of mother's sister is

sleeping in the corridor - right now father is in a

village, but normally he is also sleeping in the bed - using the public toilet - cooking place in the

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7. Is there anything that bothers you or that you are missing at home?

x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no yes x no

- father shall talk to her - she is missing him

- missing her real mother

She is living with the family of her aunt because her mother died. She's calling her aunt mother, uncle father and the cousins brothers.

- mosquitoes are bothering her

- no net for protection

- a bug (she is laughing

about that)

- the house is very small, she has no space

- the almirah is too big and taking too much space, she wants to replace it

Past

8. What was your life like until today? Please tell me about the time when you were little and not yet going to school. What was it like?

(How were things at home? What did you do during the day?) I'll just listen to you.

- she feels comfortable until today, because she is getting food etc. since she is with CR

- she didn't like to school - just playing during the day - nothing else

-

she was living in a village outside of Calcutta - mother died early

- grandmother took care of her, but died

- uncle took care of her but sent her to Calcutta finally - the family of her uncle in

Calcutta adopted her - she didn't feel well - she was alone in the

house when the others went to school

- early in the morning till evening just playing - she was with CR for

sometime, but leaving

(absent?) and joining

again

- also doing some small housework like

smashing of spices and washing the dishes - she was living in Calcutta

all her life

- she was living in Calcutta all her life

- when she was not in CR she was playing all the time

- but father has given her a teacher were she had to go

- it was a private lesson at the teacher's home for a group of kids

- she was learning ABC, basic hindi and counting there

- before CR she went to private tuition

- she was not playing all the time

- most of the time studying on her own

- all life in Calcutta - because she was so

small she was not able to do heavy work, just work like filling up bottles from tap

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- she also wanted to go to school

- she was playing inside the house and watching TV

- the teacher was punishing (beating) the kids when they haven't done their homework

- she didn't like to learn there

- she was playing during the day

- evening lessons - afterwards father was

teaching her

- she was not doing housework

Changes in family life and health issues

9. Which things have changed in your life since you are visiting school?

- doesn't know - she came from village to

Calcutta and started visiting school - she adopted some

principals: not tell a lie, come to school at time, get proper dressed for school

- doesn't know - standard of studies has increased - naughtiness decreased - getting schoolbooks, schoolbag, pencil, schooluniform, shoes, mosquitonet and medicines from CR

- she is getting essential things from CR which she didn't have before

- for vacation time bags with grains, food and soap

(6)

10. When you are ill or injured what happens (who is taking care of you and who is helping you)?

- parents and CR

- parents bring her to school to get medical support

- Dr. in school, no other doctor

- mother is helping her and takes care when she is ill - mother brings her to CR

for medical treatment

- mami takes care when she is ill

- medical treatment from No1 School or Tala Park Clinic

- mami and papa take care - all medical expenses are

paid by CR

- sometimes CR advices to get medical treatment outside of CR but the expenses are all paid by CR

- mami is taking care - total help comes from CR - mother brings her to CR

for medical treatment

11. Was that different before you went to school?

x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no

- father was able to help, he took her to doctor nearby

- grandmother was taking care of her when she was ill

- after grandmother died it was uncle in the village - there was also a doctor for medical treatment in the village

- when she was not in CR her mother was paying all the expenses for medical treatment

- mother was taking care of her

- father paid medical expenses

- they went to a doctor outside of Bustee

- mother was taking care of her

- when she was ill they went to a doctor outside of CR and had to pay the expenses themselves

(7)

12. Have you often been ill before you went to school?

yes x no

I don't know

x yes no I don't know yes x no I don't know yes x no I don't know x yes no I don't know

- sometimes, but not very often

- often nose-bleeding before she came to CR, she had to lay in bed for 2-3h

13. Are you less ill since you are attending medical treatment at school?

x yes no x yes no yes x no yes x no x yes no

-

last year brain malaria, this year she is well - small wound at toe some

time ago, but ok now

Education

14. Please, tell me about your feelings about your first day in school. (What was it like and how could you cope the new situation? )

- was afraid because

of the new teachers - made new friends in

school

- told her mother that she loved school and she

- was afraid and kept quiet

- for one or two weeks she was quiet because she didn't know the others - after that all was well

- felt very good when she came for the first time - the teachers are very

good

- she was so small, so she doesn't remember many

- was crying the first day in school

- wanted to go to her mother

- when she was crying the staff was behaving very

- she felt good the first day - she was full of joy the first day because some of her friends were admitted at the same time than she - they were sitting in the

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day

- learned ABC and numbers the first day

things her, telling her not to cry

- brother also in CR school - she was playing with him

after the studies

- when she was crying she asked her brother to stay with her

classroom together - she knew the answers to

teacher's questions - she decided to come to

school every day

15. Are you enjoying school?

x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no

- gossiping with friends - food

- education

- no friends at home, so better to come to school, because here are friends

- because there is a break time for fun and playing games like “hide and seek”

- education - playing time and

gossiping with her friends - sometimes teacher give

punishment (telling things

how to behave)

- time for studying, fun and playing (at tiffin time) - she is the headstudent of

her class

- in absence of the teacher she has to put the names of kids that are making noise in a list

- she likes that task

- she likes studying very much

- the teachers like her very much

16. Do you go to school every day?

x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no

- normally yes, but right now she has a pain in her

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wrest because a student of CR jostled her when she wanted to go to the bathroom and she fell on a stone

- she was not able to stand for 2 or 3 days

17. Do you feel you are able to keep up with the other kids?

x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no

-

among 30 students in the class, she is the first

-

English and maths

sometimes weak - other subjects good

- there is 20 classmates and she is the first in her class

- there is 24 students in her class

- she is the 3rd in her class

18. Do you share what you learn at school with your brothers and sisters (who don't go to school) (if yes, give examples)?

yes x no x yes no x yes no yes x no x yes no - brothers go to a school near the house

- they don't like to talk about school

- they are annoyed of it

- all her brothers go to school

- when she doesn't understand her

homework, she asks her older brother

- tells her new knowledge to the younger kids in a very simple way and tries to make them understand

- brother also in CR school - the sister who is living with them is a drop-out-student

- when she is learning new things in school about behavior she is telling the

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from her kids at home

- told them to cut nails properly and wash hands with soap before eating and they adopted it

19. What do your parents think about your school attendance?

they are happy

they don't care x

other

they are happy they don't care x

other

x they are happy they don't care

other

x they are happy they don't care

other

x they are happy they don't care

other

- they tell her to go to school every day

- she has a discussion with a friend who says to her: “you just go to school because you get the money from CR”, but that's not true

- they are forcing her to go to school every day

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20. Do you parents encourage you to go to school? Why?

x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no

- education is important for future

- mother feels value of education

- if you are absent one day in school, you don't know what they are talking about the next day - education has to be

continued

- to become a good citizen in future

- they force her to go to school every day to get a good job in the future and become a good citizen

- mother is encouraging her to go to school every day - if you don't go to school

every day you will not learn enough

- if you go to school regularly your knowledge will become wider

21. Do you talk to your parents about what you learn at school (if yes, give examples)?

x yes no yes x no x yes no yes x no x yes no

- mother is interested in her education, but not in the details of it

- father does not talk to her, because he loves only her brothers

- parents know about hygiene, so she doesn't have to tell them about it

- brothers yes but not to parents because they are illiterate

- tells her mother what she learns in school from any subject

- she sometimes asks her mother when she doesn't understand sth.

- she told her mother and the smaller kids to wash hands before taking food, now they do

- she is talking to her uncle about details of school - not telling her parents

about school, they don't care about what she is learning in school - talking to uncle about

textual matters

- he also helps her when she doesn't understand sth.

- when she has homework she is asking her father to teach her

- told father to shave his beard, cut his hair and to wear proper clean clothes - now he does so

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hygiene class

22. Do you think coming to school has made any changes in you? How?

x yes no x yes no x yes no yes no yes x no

- keeps herself clean since she is in school

- learned discipline in school

- language improved, not talking slang language as in village

- don't fight with others

- no knowledge about how to behave with other people, now she knows

no answer

Criticism and wishes

23. Do you like to come here? What do you like most about No. 1 School?

- yes, very much

- drawing and computer class

- she likes the classes in general

she seems to be confused about this question and doesn't really know what to answer

- yes, because all students have a community and behave like friends

-

yes (no answer why)

- she likes the other kids

- she likes to learn

- very much

- the teachers are very good, she like them very much

- teachers tell her how to behave, what to do and what not, she likes that

- yes

- all things are good, especially the method of teaching

24. What do you not like about this school?

- if the teachers give

instructions to learn more

she is not giving an answer to this question

- she doesn't like when someone is making noise

- the food: the rice and the pulses are good but not

- doesn't like quarrels and fights between the

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- “do it like this and that...” the vegetables

- doesn't like the water in the ground floor because of its' taste

- bananas are not nice – sometimes too sweet and sometimes not ripe

students

25. Is there anything that bothers you or that you are missing here in the school?

yes no yes no yes x no yes x no yes x no

She was the first to be

interviewed and didn't answer this question. This one was precised after the 2nd interview because the intention of the question as it was before was not clear. She rather answered to the later added question no. 7

She was the second to be interviewed and didn't answer this question. This one was precised after the 2nd interview because the intention of the question as it was before was not clear. She rather answered to the later added question no. 7

26. What could be better about this place?

- more dancing class

- she knows how to dance, but she wants more dancing classes to improve

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27. What do you want to do when you grow up?

- teacher - doctor - doctor - dancer (hip hop)

- wants to learn classical dance because her teacher told her that classical dance lasts for ever and hip hop is only temporary

- teacher

28. If you had one wish left, what would you wish for?

- big spacy house

- more space

- to increase thinking power and knowledge

no answer - a big house with AC and fridge, a big almirah, a beautiful mirror and a kitchen

- to be the first in class always

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IMPACT ASSESSMENT – NO 1 SCHOOL

SURVEY – KIDS / BOYS

General Information

Saurav Singh, 10 Amar Singh, 13 Ravi Paswan, 11 Sachin Singh, 13 Ashish Gupta, 13

4. I would like to know how many people are in your family. Who is living at home with you?

- mother (living in a village)

- father (living in another state of India for earning money) - 2 sisters - 1 brother - grandparents - aunt → 7 persons in total - two uncles - mother - sister

- two younger brothers

- father is dead → 7 persons in total

- mother + father - 1 brother - 2 sisters

- 1 sister and her husband with their two kids → 10 persons in total

- mami + papa - dadi (grandmother)

- 3 sisters - 1 brother - all in one home

→ 8 persons in total

- mother + father - 1 brother - 2 sisters

(16)

Domestic situation

5. Please, tell me about your day yesterday (

– what did you do after you woke up...what happened in school yesterday and what did

you learn there? What did you do after school? Do you play with your brothers and sisters after school? Do you meet some friends?)

- prepared himself for next

exam, because it is time of exams

- also playing with brothers and sisters

- doing housework: grandmother prepares food and he helps her → he gave her salt and sugar when she was cooking, also helping her to prepare the tea

- 6am CR school and breakfast

- went home to get his school uniform - formal school, there

history exam - CR school for lunch - back home he dressed up

with his normal dress - played with his younger

brothers and his sister - also met friends and did

some housework - at home he watches TV

before sleeping - playing with youngest

brother

- yesterday was exam (social study) in formal school

- formal school finished 2pm

- taking food at home - sleeping

- playing outside with other kids

- after playing he goes on studying

- yesterday he had fever but he went to school because he had an exam - he feels better today

because he took medicine - after the exam he went

home, took food and slept - in the evening time he

watched TV, had some food and slept

- yesterday was a holiday - after he got up in the

morning he went to the market

- housework: cleaning the house

- after that he did cycling because he feels joy by cycling

- while cycling he included playing with his friends - cycling is like playing - after supper sleeping - at 3h30 pm he fetched

water from the tap nearby the house

- taken a bath a the tap - at home he did a prayer

(Hindu prayer)

- he studied himself with his sister, he helped her with her homework

- when he finished his studies he went out to see

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a football match

6. What is your home like? (e.g. tell me something about your sleeping place)

- house is very good

- one room (10 by 8 feet) - one bed – grandmother,

grandfather, aunt and he sleeping in it

- everything happens in that one room

- using common toilet for 10-12 families

- one room - very small home - all work is done in one

room

- one bed for sister, youngest brother and mother

- father is dead

- mother and bolder brother sleep outside home in a small lane, because there is little space

- when it's raining mother sleeps in the house, brother goes to community club - father sleeps in his taxi

(he is taxi driver)

- they have one bed: sister + husband with their two kids sleep inside

- he sleeps on the floor with his younger sisters

- only one room

- using public bathroom

- home has one small room - mother is sleeping on the

floor under the bed - yesterday Sachin was

sleeping in the bed with his two elder sister because he was ill - normally he is sleeping

outside the house with his father and grandmother - there is a bed outside the

house (just wood, no mattress)

- all things are done in the one room

- they are using the public toilet

- he feels comfortable outside the house, that's why he is sleeping outside, not inside

- two rooms

- one of them is really small, it's just a store room where the father also sleeps

- they have an own bathroom and a kitchen - the house is rented - the rest of the family is

sleeping in the bedroom - mother and 2 sisters are

sleeping in the bed - he and his brother are

sleeping on the floor - he feels comfortable on

the floor because he has a lot of space there

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7. Is there anything that bothers you or that you are missing at home?

x yes no x yes no yes x no x yes no yes x no

- the window has a bad construction, it is not looking good

- TV is out of order, he wants a new one

- father because he is dead - mother (she is working for

CR)

- when he sleeps on the floor, it hurts, because it is so hard and he feels the pain on his bones

- he has a TV and also a DVD player

Past

8. What was your life like until today? Please tell me about the time when you were little and not yet going to school. What was it like?

(How were things at home? What did you do during the day?) I'll just listen to you.

- was thinking about CR when he was not yet going to school

- had wish to get education there

- the escort if the students is his neighbor and many of his neighborkids are in CR, too, so he knew about CR

- he took education through his aunt before he went to school

- doesn't remember time before school visit - he went to small NGO

where he got small food like banana and biscuit - he played during the day - doe not know his father,

because he died early - was in Calcutta all his life

- before school he was just playing nothing else - he didn't like to play all

the time, desired to learn sth., so he took the books from others to learn - he was born in a village - grandmother was living in

Calcutta, but she didn't like it there, she wanted to be in the village

- parents brought family to the city and grandmother

- he was living in Cal. all his life

- before joining CR he was in another governmental school, then came to CR and stopped at the governmental school - started education new in

the non-formal class of CR

- he likes it here very much: he was the best student because he already knew ABC etc.

- before he came to CR, he was studying at the slum school at the age of 3 for 1 ½ year

- he doesn't remember the time before

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- playing with a boy who was his neighbor - did housework with

grandmother and also went to market with her for shopping

- after he got permission for CR school his mother went to village

went to the village - he was very small when

they came to Calcutta - they had a cottage in the

village

- doesn't remember the time before going to any school

Changes in family life and health issues

9. Which things have changed in your life since you are visiting school?

- he learned how to behave

towards older persons - he knows many things

about behavior

- gained a lot of knowledge - many lessons

- could educate himself

- since he is here he has clothes, shoes,

copybooks, food, medical treatment, before he didn't have all this

- interested in learning things, before not - now he feels very good

- old head of school told him to apply good behavior, because she would leave the school otherwise, so he behaved well. When she left and Baishaki came he

behaved different (worse) - when he was non-formal

student, they could play with toys on Saturdays. He was told, not to take toys from others with force → “ask if you want sth.”

- he was doing illegal “work” with his friends before joining CR: thieving money from the temples

- but after joining CR he stopped this bad manners

- he received various knowledge in computer - when Mrs. Bijoy was there

he was good in maths, now he is not good in maths

- he liked the teaching of Mrs. Bijoy very much for the reason that he was good in maths

- he remembers whatever she taught him

- he wishes that Mrs. Bijoy comes again

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- mother wants him to study in good manner

- they can save money at home, because CR is carrying all the costs for Ashis

10. When you are ill or injured what happens (who is taking care of you and who is helping you)?

- mother took care before

she was leaving for the village

- brought him to CR to get medical treatment - now grandmother is

taking care

- medical treatment at CR

- at home mother cares - mother takes him to CR

and lets him got to Tala Park

- he thanks CR because he gets a lot of medicine from them

- mami + papa take care and help

- parents take him to bloodtest if he feels ill - if sth. Is found in the

bloodtest they take him to CR for medical treatment

- mami + papa taking care of him

- two months ago he had an accident with hot oil

( → blessing at his leg), it

happened at night (at 9pm), so father took him to private doctor

- they had to pay on their own

- next day he showed the blessing in school and received treatment

- mami + papa are taking care

- medical treatment of CR → Shankar (nurse in the

school)

- CR has paid all expenses for him

- after coming to CR he had the malaria and wants to thank Shankar for giving all medical treatment to him

- he had to go to hospital and all the expenses were paid by CR

- his parents would not have been able to pay this, so their money was saved

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11. Was that different before you went to school?

x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no

- grandfather took medicine from outside

- mother was taking care and brought him to a doctor when he was ill

- he went to another doctor when he was ill

- his father got credit from neighbors and friends to bring him to a doctor and to get medicine

- his father had to take credit from others for medical treatment - after he received his

weekly salary he had to give it to the creditors

12. Have you often been ill before you went to school?

yes x no I don't know yes x no I don't know yes x no I don't know yes no x I don't know x yes no I don't know

- because grandfather was taking care of him

- he had some accidents, every time the same place of is forehead was injured

- many times in his life and now he has a bump on his head

- when he was ill, it took him a long time to

become well again (up to 15 days)

(22)

13. Are you less ill since you are attending medical treatment at school?

yes x no x yes no yes x no x yes no x yes no

- the difference is, that now CR is giving the money for the medical treatment

- when he is ill, he doesn't take the medicine properly

- fell asleep in formal school because of that

Education

14. Please, tell me about your feelings about your first day in school. (What was it like and how could you cope the new situation? )

- was afraid and felt fear,

because the first day he was unknown to

everybody - next day no fear

- he was afraid the first day - after the next day he was

introduced to the teachers and students, so his fear was gone

- he doesn't remember - crying the first day - father brought him to

school and just left - teacher gave him a

biscuit, after that he could continue his

- he felt good the first day - he did some studies like the ABC, English, poems and drawing class

- he liked it the first day and wanted to come every day

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15. Are you enjoying school?

x yes no x yes no x yes no yes x no yes x no

- the teachers are good and well-educated - high level of education in

CR school

- in winter vacation there is extra activity in school like sports and a picnic

- because he gets studies and playing time in school

- he likes his formal school because at tiffin-time he has time to play with his friends

- doesn't like CR school because he has to be there at 6 o'clock in the morning

- he doesn't like his actual formal school because the classmates are not nice and the teachers not well mannered

- he doesn't like CR school as well, because the environment of studying is not good

- he just likes the computer class

- every student of CR gets a geometry box with a scale, compass, etc inside - he lost this box and asked

for a new one for his examination but he didn't receive it

- some students blame him for disturbing the class, so the teachers punish him by calling his guardians - earlier the learning

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16. Do you go to school every day?

yes x no x yes no x yes no yes x no yes x no - everyday except Saturdays - IBM is doing a computerclass program for different NGOs, they also take students from CR, he is one of them - learning PC in this

program

- except he has fever or other illness

- he doesn't like to come to CR so early and he was ill yesterday

- before this week he had a different routine: he came to CR everyday at 10 am

- yes, but around once a week he has to help his mother in housework

17. Do you feel you are able to keep up with the other kids?

x yes no x yes no x yes no yes x no x yes no - 28 students in class - he is in class 3

- 24 students in class, they are correlated

- week in English, gets help from his friend who is his classmate

- his standard of education is not as good as the one of the first student of the class but he is an average student

- good environment in class – they help each other

- he is in his new formal school since April - there are 48 students in

his class

- he has no fellows in that new school

(25)

18. Do you share what you learn at school with your brothers and sisters (who don't go to school) (if yes, give examples)?

x yes no x yes no yes x no x yes no x yes no

- shares homework with older sister

- hes asks her if he doesn't understand

- with older sister when hes a question in any subject - his younger brother is

also in school, they are the same standard, so they share

- he tells his brother to apply hygiene behavior when he learns in school

- he takes help from his elder sister for homework in Hindi + English

- his younger brother doesn't ask him, but his elder sisters

- he tells his sister about the environment of the class and the situation of the exams (e.g. 20 boys sitting in a room...)

- if he doesn't understand homework he asks older brother and sister - he he talks about

examinations with them (about preparation and the result)

19. What do your parents think about your school attendance?

they are happy

they don't care x other

x they are happy they don't care other

they are happy they don't care x other

x they are happy they don't care other

x they are happy they don't care other

- grandmother in this case - grandmother wants him to

got to school every day

- mother is supporting him with his studies

- father says: “if you don't like school, just stop studies and find a job.”

(26)

20. Do you parents encourage you to go to school? Why?

x yes no x yes no x yes x no x yes no x yes no

- shall achieve his aim - not able to understand

what's going on if you miss on day

- education important for future

- mother says “you have to learn sth.”

- because of behavior manners

- mother: every day to school, then you will learn sth. and can get a good job

- mother: sometimes there are religious fights outside of the house, then he shall not go

- Ravi doesn't like school - father does not

encourage him, because he doesn't like school as well

- when he is absent in school his father beats him

- “if you stay at home you play all the time, so it's better to go to school”

- “if you go to school everyday you will become a good citizen and

prevent poverty.”

- “you don't study for your family but for yourself” - if you study well you have

the responsibility for your family

(27)

21. Do you talk to your parents about what you learn at school (if yes, give examples)?

x yes no x yes no yes x no yes x no x yes no

- when he learns new topic in any subject

- not very detailed, just from outside

- after hygieneclass he told her to washing hands and clothes etc.

- grandmother has only primary education

- but no specific things - but with older and

younger sister

- about computer class - he gave examples of

painting on computer, how to use the mouse etc., mother interested in that - he doesn't tell his parents

about hygiene but tells his younger brother and sisters to wash hands before eating

22. Do you think coming to school has made any changes in you? How?

x yes no yes x no x yes no yes x no x yes no

- don't tell a lie

- helping helpless people - don't use slang language

as well in school as in home

- don't fight, make peace in class

- because he is learning, but not in behavior

- before school, he was so ill, now he is more healthy - (he says there are many

changes but he doesn't name them)

- before coming to CR he was a bad guy because he was only playing

(28)

mouth are carried by CR like clothes, exercise books, schoolbag, food and medical treatment

Criticism and wishes

23. Do you like to come here? What do you like most about No. 1 School?

- yes

- he goes to PC-class every day, likes it

- got the opportunity to got to IBM-program because of CR

- yes

- he likes to study here - likes homework which is

given by CR teachers - likes the food he gets in

school

likes PC and drawing class

- yes

- likes the computer class most

- yes, but not so early - he likes the food from CR,

especially egg but also the rice and pulses with smashed potatoes

- no, he only likes the computer class

- at non-formal student he liked it very much, but not as formal student

24. What do you not like about this school?

- there are some students

that fight, they disturb the others

- it would be better if they leave the school

no answer - the students come to get sth. like food, not because of learning

- everything is alright - the methods of the teachers

- he wants the old head of the school back and also Mrs. Bijoy for one of the other teachers

- he doesn't like some of the teachers

(29)

25. Is there anything that bothers you or that you are missing here in the school?

yes x no yes no x yes no yes x no yes x no

no answer - he is missing two teachers who left the school (Bijoy and Kakoli)

- missing the old teachers who left CR

26. What could be better about this place?

no answer no answer - no idea - whatever he gets it is enough for him

- when he was non-formal student there were possibilities to play (like badminton and carum), now they are damaged - he wants such a life again

and the possibilities to play

27. What do you want to do when you grow up?

computer engineer painter (artist → drawing on

paper)

doctor everything is depending on

the future, whatever it gives him, it is alright for him

computer engineer or DJ → if computer engineer doesn't work then DJ

(30)

28. If you had one wish left, what would you wish for?

- a good/better

environment for his studies, because it is so crowded were he lives

- bicycle - to increase his thinking power

- a big house where he can live freely and get the place for playing

(31)

IMPACT ASSESSMENT – NO 1 SCHOOL

SURVEY – PARENTS / GIRLS

General Information

Interviewed person

Mother Mother Mother Mother Mother

1. Information concerning child:

Puja Singh / f / 11

age at time of admission: 5

Tulsi Singh / f / 14th Aug.00 age at time of admission: 8

Sunita Singh / f / ~ 9

age at time of admission: ~ 4

Nisha Singh / f / ~ 9

age at time of admission: ~ 4

Laxmi Singh / f / ~ 11

age at time of admission: ~ 5

2. Information concerning father:

Bijoy Singh / 40

day labors (whatever work he finds, he does it) / ~1500 RS

Kishor Singh / 42

hawker (not his own shop) / ~ 100 RS per day

Dinesh Singh / 45

unemployed because he is handicapped at his leg

Anug Singh / 40 unemployed

he is physically unfit as he had an accident, he was autorikshaw driver, not able to work now, in future he will be able to do small work

husband left the family six years ago

3. Information concerning mother:

Jeeta Singh / 35

maid servant / ~400 RS

Baby Singh / 34 sometime sewing work

Rita Singh / 35

maid in a household / 1500

Mili Singh / 32

maid servant / 1500 RS

Nirmala Singh / 42

(32)

4. brothers and sisters

Bicky Singh / 12 / m / governmental school

Santosh Singh / 18 / m / S.A. Jaipuria College

Bilak Singh / 12 / m / No. 10 School

Punam Singh / 26 / f /

married but without husband, 4 children, lives with them at her mother's house

Anup Singh / 7 / m / Governmental school

Niraj Singh / 16 / m / Bithal School + CR

Mili Singh / 6 / f / not in school, but in a local club for short-time education

Pawan Singh / 13 / m /

Kamalashiksk Sadan School /

Monty Singh / 9 / m / no school / sometimes small work for other people: carrying loads of paper from one shop to another – gets ~ 10RS for it – gives the money to his mother

5. total family income

~ 1900 RS ~ 3000 RS

(depends on fathers income)

1500 RS 1500 RS

before husbands accident there was a bit more money

~ 1500 RS

6. language spoken

Hindi Hindi Bengali Hindi Hindi

(33)

Education

7. Have you attended school as a child?

yes x no x yes no yes x no x yes no yes x no

up to 5th grate up to class 4 in Bengali

medium

her parents were not able to take her in school

8. How important is education for you?

1

2

3

x 4

1

2

3

x 4

1

2

3

x 4

1

2

3

x 4

1

2

3

x 4

she is interested in putting her sons in CR as well

if daughter gets a lot of education, she can do a better job than being a maid

but education depends on the will of the kid (her son will probably drop out of school, because he is not interested in education and is suffering from epilepsy

education is the only way to get a job

4 - very important

3 - important

2 - a bit important

1 - unimportant

9. How did you get in contact with Calcutta Rescue?

x a neighbor told me about CR x a neighbor told me about CR a neighbor told me about CR a neighbor told me about CR a neighbor told me about CR

(34)

CR

I was patient at one of the clinics

x others

CR

I was patient at one of the clinics

others

CR

I was patient at one of the clinics

x others

CR

I was patient at one of the clinics

x others

CR

I was patient at one of the clinics

x others

- her sister’s daughter is living beside the school

- one neighbor said CR is good, another one that CR is bad, she wanted to find out herself

- she was working in a household, the owner gave her the reference of CR

- her brother in law was student of CR, he told her about that

- she tried to get admission first for Bilak then for Nisha

- a team of CR went to Bustee, she asked them to take one of her children in school because they are poor

10. Would you have sent your child to school without CR's assistance?

yes x no x yes no x yes no yes x no yes x no

- bad economical situation is the main reason

- she always tried her best, but without help it would have been hard

- Bilak and Nisha got private tuition at home

- there are nine family members, they are all depending on her

- it's too expensive to send the children to school

(35)

11. Do you want to sent your other children to school, too?

yes no yes no yes no yes no x yes no

- all kids are in school, but the school of her sons is not good, the standard is very low, so they are weak students

all children are in school No other children all kids in school - she saw in TV that many people are unemployed because of their lack of education

12. I would like to know how things have changed for your child since it is attending school. How has it developed since it start ed

attending school (e.g. has its behavior changed?)

- Puja’s over-all-condition is better then in the past - Puja is more disciplined

now and does her studies carefully

- they all benefit from Puja’s CR support, because father’s income is small and the have no tenses about Puja’s facilities and expenses

- health condition better than before

- more interested in education

- standard of education is increasing, in the village there was a lack of education

- Tulsi is still naughty - sometimes she is

behaving normal, but sometimes naughtiness reaches limit

- daughter is very good girl, gets good education and her behavior improved - she is pleased with her

daughter

- all facilities from CR improve the situation of her and her daughter

- Bilak is not interested in education

- Nisha is interested to do more studies, she is interested in dancing and education

- awareness and

consciousness grew in Nisha

- she was a late-riser, now she is getting up early in the morning to go to school

- she is taking good

education and spends a lot of time for dancing

- Since Laxmi is in school, her mind increased, she learned how to speak with elders

- she is very busy doing her homework

- Laxmi sometimes tells her, that she wants to learn how to use a PC, but there is not enough time in PC lesson, only little time because the older children get more time for that - (after repeating the

question) she and the

other family members feel good about the support,

(36)

- not telling loose words support are paid by CR - so she doesn't have to

think about the money for Laxmi – she is free from that

13. Does your child talk to you about

contents of lessons health x hygiene social issues other contents of lessons x health x hygiene social issues other contents of lessons x health x hygiene social issues x other x contents of lessons x health x hygiene social issues other contents of lessons health x hygiene social issues other

- Puja is not telling in detail about education as her mother is not an educated woman

- but Puja tells her, that the teacher and Didi love her and also the staff

- tells her mom about handwashing and covering food

- how to prevent malaria - Sunita discusses everything with her mother

- told her about

hygiene and behavior

- Nisha shares everything with her mother,

discusses about

education and gives tips to her mother about hygiene and health

- she is not always in the house, so Laxmi tells her older sister

- Laxmi tells all family members to cut the nails and that they shall wash their hands before taking food

(37)

Past

14. Please, tell me something about the time before your child went to school. What were the main difficulties and problems that were

faced by your family?

- Puja comes here, so mother can do her work peacefully

- they can save money, because Puja gets two times food in school - Puja is not doing

household work, mother asks Baishaki (translating

this interview) to tell Puja

to help her

- main problem was her tension about Puja’s education

- younger son Niraj had a wound at the lever and was not supported by CR - the family had to pay for

the treatment and husband became bankrupt

- all money was gone - afterwards Niraj came to

CR and then CR paid for treatment

- husband had no proper work and was drunk all day

- Aunt and grandmother were supporting the family

- economical situation was worse, she had no possibility to send her daughter to school

- the family of Nisha’s father has no interest about education of the children

- family of Nisha’s mother is very interested in

education – they wanted her to send her children to school

- but husband was not interested in it - no capacities for

education

- so she could just offer her children private tuition

- she was tensed because all her children were illiterated, she hoped that one kid would get the possibility to learn something – Laxmi could get admission at CR

(38)

15. How many meals could you offer your child per day before it went to school?

- tea + biscuit in the

morning - 2.30 pm lunch - dinner at night

question not asked - she tried to give her good nutrition like milk, rice and a full dinner

- no fixed meals – they eat when they are hungry - family was joined family,

so they could not get good food

- number of meals depended on income

- they were all suffering a lot

- when she came home from work she could give them some food like bread

- more or less two meals per day

- sometime she couldn't give her kids the night-meal – only at noon – time

16. What kind of food did you prepare?

- rice, dal, bread and

vegetable

question not asked rice + bread, see above - they are vegetarian - they ate rice vegetable

with rice and bread - more rice than bread - no capacity for fruit or milk - when they were suffering

from diseases she

requested her husband to buy fruit or milk

- sometimes bread, sometimes rice,

sometimes potatoes with mustard oil

(39)

17. In what ways has the family's nutrition changed since your child is supported by CR?

- they are so poor, maybe

there are little changes, but they don’t see a difference because the income is very little - sometimes they cannot

effort vegetable for dinner

question not asked - Sunita gets food in school, the saved money is used for a better nutrition of the rest of the family

- now condition is very bad, because her husband is unemployed

- if CR was not with them, it would be really difficult for them to get food

- Nisha takes food in school, that improves the situation of the family – mother can cook late after work

- Bilak is irregular student, so he is not getting food in school every day

- sometimes Laxmi takes some fruit home from CR and divides it for the whole family

- once a year CR gives a benefit-food-pack which provides food for the whole family for two days, so the whole family profits

Domestic Situation

18. In what ways does the whole family benefit from the child's school attendance?

- benefit packets at

vacation time, but main benefit is, that Puja’s expenses are paid by CR

- the benefit is related to food: all kids except the youngest get food at CR - also medical treatment is

paid by CR

- creates a situation of normal profit (no win, no loss)

- easy for mother to manage the time of working, because Sunita is in School

- whole family is not tensed because of Sunitas health, education and hygiene

- her husband is not caring about the education of the kids

- She is very happy that Nisha gets education and dance lessons at CR - they can save some

money because the children are supported by CR

- she is happy that one kid is in school.

- it's 10RS per day to send Laxmi to school, that's 300RS per month, that's money that is missing for the rest of the family - last five months Laxmi

didn't get the travelling support from CR

(40)

- she doesn’t have to worry so much, now that her husband is unemplyed

- Laxmi gets mosquito net, soap and a plastic bag chard to protect the home from rain from CR

19. What kind of support do you receive from CR?

x

education x food x medical treatment x sanitary products

x

others

x

education x food x medical treatment x sanitary products x others x education x food x medical treatment x sanitary products x others x education x food x medical treatment x sanitary products others x education x food x medical treatment x sanitary products others

- mosquito protection: not a net as their room is too small but electric prevention

- whatever the kids get in school, it is saving the money of the family

- benefit packet in vacation time

- medical treatment only for Laxmi (at Tala Park Clinic)

20. Which kind of support you receive from CR is the most important for you?

x education food medical treatment sanitary products others x education food medical treatment sanitary products others x education food x medical treatment sanitary products others education food medical treatment sanitary products others education x food x medical treatment sanitary products others

all are most important for her, because she cannot give the

(41)

money for medical treatment and for food, without health you cannot learn and without education you cannot think

Changes in family life and health issues

21. Does your child insist on certain changes in your practices/attitudes as it learned it in school (e.g. wash your hands before eating

something)?

x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no

- washing hands, cover food, hygiene

- wearing washed clothes, washing hand before taking food and after, cutting nails

- washing hands, clean utensils, cover prepared food, wash clothes, hang mosquito net

- Nisha is giving suggestions about cleanliness and hygiene like: cover the food, clean the hands, hang a

mosquito net, do your work fast than you can gossip with others, dress up properly (she was helping her mother with sari)

- see question no 13. - mother is not always in

house so Laxmi tells her elder sister

(42)

22. Have you adopted any changes at home after talking to your child? Which?

x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no

- all - the above mentioned - everything - yes, but sometimes she

forgets, then Nisha repeats her suggestions - when mother forgets to

cover the food, Nisha is not interested in taking that food

- washing hands properly before taking and preparing food

- washing hands after doing any work

- tells the other kids about this

23. Have you noticed that your state of health is better after adopting these changes (e.g. number of incidences of diarrhea, malaria,

respiratory infections are lower)?

x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no

24. If yes, please give examples.

- all family members are

more healthy

- less fever then in past

- Niraj was often ill and very weak, his illness became less

- he became better

because she adapted the above mentioned things

- before they were suffering a lot, number of diseases is decreasing

- fever, headache, diarrhea

- in the past they were suffering from loose motion, that’s less now - they don’t get a mosquito

net, but spray

- they once got the spray from CR, now they buy it,

- among all family

members, mother is most ill, because at work she is in contact with dirty water and sometimes forgets to wash her hands, when she is hungry

(43)

- same for Tulsi efficient, so they have less malaria now

- their room is too small to hang a mosquito net

- health status of family not so good, but a little improved

- small kids don’t follow the instructions she is giving - cold + coughing,

sometimes fever (the kids who don’t follow these rules), the others don’t suffer from that

25. Have your children been immunized before being in touch with CR?

x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no x yes no

- they are very irregular in this matter, the kids got the first immunization provided by the government - Puja gets her

immunizations in school, but mother has no idea about that

- in governmental hospital - Indian government provides first injections after birth, after three years again

(44)

26. Have your attitudes to immunization changed since you are with CR (e.g. all children are immunized now)? How?

yes x no x yes no yes x no x yes no x yes no

- she has no idea about immunization, kids got first immunization but not more

- she showed immunization card of primary

immunization from hospital at CR and CR continued the progress

- the change is, that the support now comes from CR

- Nisha is totally fit now, Bilak sometimes ill, because he goes to very dirty places

- 3 children are supported by CR: immunization against yellow fever

27. We talked about several changes now that have taken place in your family, since you are supported by CR. Do you think, in the

other families of this area the same changes have taken place?

yes no x yes no yes no x yes no yes no

- two neighbors are also supported by CR but she has no communication with them

- in her area there are two very small children, that are supported by CR, they are to young to interact with their mothers, later they will and then there will be the same situation

She has no idea, because others who are supported by CR live quite far away from them

(45)

Criticism and wishes

28. Please, tell me, how content you are with the support CR is giving to your family.

1

2

3

x 4

1

2

x 3

4

1

2

3

x 4

1

2

3

x 4

1

2

x 3

4

4 - very content

3 - content

2 - partly content

1 discontent

29. Do you remember a situation that was difficult to handle for you and you wished CR would have done more for you? Please, tell me

about that situation.

- they had no money and couldn’t provide education to Puja

- Puja hat malaria one time, with the treatment from CR she became healthy again

- CR could not have helped better. Without their help it was not possible to recover

- Niraj had a hole in inside his ear which was a dangerous situation for the child

- she consulted the doctor outside CR (not at CR

yet)

- she was totally hope- and helpless after that she consulted CR

- Niraj had an operation and all the medical treatment was paid by CR - family was not able to

- what kind of support CR gave, it was enough for her

- she is very happy with CR - without the support of CR

she could not do the medical treatment of her son

- Son is not interested in education, but that is his responsibility

- Nisha is taking dance training and education, mother with her very happy

- without CR it would be impossible

- Laxmi was bitten by a dog, mother was not able to handle the situation herself

- Laxmi got support from CR

- mother was very content in that situation about the help

- it’s good, she can save money because CR is supporting Laxmi

(46)

CR helped

- Niraj was always the weakest kid in the family, now he is ok and never had a problem with his ear again

- CR couldn't have done more for them

30. Is there something that bothers you?

yes no yes x no yes x no yes x no x yes no

- she would be happier, if her sons could go to CR school

- no objection about CR - CR should pay the travel

fees for Laxmi again

31. What could be better about the work CR does?

- she says this type of

questions is difficult for her

- but she hopes Puja can take good education to earn money

- she says I should ask the children, they will give the correct answer

- the situation changed for Sunita, no objection about CR

- personally difficult situation for family because of fathers unemployment: they tried to open a shop, but people don’t pay the food, they buy

- the work of every person of CR is very good, because all are very concerned about the children

- CR provides education, food, bags, pencils, … for the families, which is very good, because it saves the money of the family. - Laxmi’s school is far away

from their homes, it would be better for the families, when kids, who live far away from their schools

(47)

get some more money - every morning she is

struggling because of the 10RS

32. If you had one wish for your child's future, what would it be?

- she has a great dream for

Puja: she shall become a doctor

- whatever the children want to be, she hopes CR is helping them to reach this

- they shall become good citizen

- Sunita shall take more education and find a good job

- Bilak should take more education to get a good job, but not in driving, because of her husbands accident

- Nisha shall take more dance training that she can be a dance teacher and earn some money. She shall earn some fame

- when Laxmi is grown up, she shall have a lot of education to get a good job, that she can support mother when she is old

33. And for you?

- Puja shall marry, go to husband’s family and give the money she earns to his family. She has no hopes regarding the money Puja will earn. But it is ok for her, that’s the Indian tradition

- half of her life is already gone, she wants to spend the last half with her kids

- Sunita shall establish in her own life and then give some help the family also

- she hopes sometimes, but she is confused, because Nisha will marry and go husband’s house, that’s tradition. So Nisha can’t help her mother. But son is not able to do that. But he said, he will earn money and than mom can take food without having

after repeating the question she is giving this answer:

- she is the only source of income for the whole family

- she is working for one household, someone advised her to work more for saving money for later

(48)

- they all have to convince him, to continue his studies to find a good job

34. Is there anything else, you would like to talk about?

- it would be good if her

husband would earn more, his income is not fixed, she is unhappy about that

- CR is a good institute for hopeless and helpless people, it is a good institute

- CR is motivating children to go on for their future

- She likes CR because of the food, the way of education and the teachers inc CR, so she sends her daughter there

- there is nothing about CR that is not good

- (crying) she is upset because of her son (see above).

- but every staff is

concerned about students

- CR helps a lot of kids from hand to foot, wishes CR has no end and supports more children

(49)

IMPACT ASSESSMENT – NO 1 SCHOOL

SURVEY – PARENTS / BOYS

General Information

Interviewed Person:

grandmother mother mother father mother

1. Information concerning child:

Saurav Singh / m / 1991

age at time of admission: 5

Amar Singh / m / 12 age at time of admission: 5

Ravi Paswan / m / 12 age at time of admission: 5

Sachin Singh / m / 11 age at time of admission: 6

Ashish Gupta / m / 17th Oct.1997

age at time of admission: 4 ½

2. Information concerning father:

father is living in another

state if India grandfather

Chandika Singh / 65 labour in factory / 2000 RS

Raju Singh / dead Raj Kumar Paswan / 40 / bicycle rickshaw driver / depends on his work

Arun Singh / 42 / fruit seller / 2000RS

Ramesh Gupta / 38 /

(50)

3. Information concerning mother:

mother is living in a village

outside of Kolkata grandmother Shusila Singh / 55 Housewife / - Sunita Singh / 30 / escort of CR / 2000 RS Sabita Paswan / 35 / housewife / no income Tara Singh / 35 / housewife / no income Rina Gupta / 36 / housewife / no income

4. brothers and sisters

Priyanka Singh / 15 / f / governmental school

Nisha Singh / 15 / f / CR school

Kiran Paswan / 18 / f / married and living with husband

Sweta Singh / 18 / f / Savitri Pathasala School

Manish Gupta / 16 / m / staff in saree shop / 1600RS

Robina Singh / 14 / f / governmental school

living in village with mother

Jitu Singh / 11 / m / formal school (mother doesn't know

the name)

Sima Paswan / 16 / f / married and living with husband

Prity Singh / 15 / f / Savitri Pathsala School

Priti Gupta / 15 / f / Savitri Pathshala School

Samnath Paswan / 13 / m / governmental school (mother

doesn't know the name)

Sweety Singh / 9 / f / Sajanda Pathsala School

Khushi Gupta / 4 / f /

Puja Paswan / 8 / f / CR school

Vishal Singh / 7 / m / Sajanda Pathsala School

(51)

5. total family income

2000 RS per month 2000 RS per month n/a: depends on husbands work, he doesn't have a lot of work and is alcoholic

2000 RS per month ~ 3000 RS per month (depends on husband's income)

6. language spoken

Hindi Hindi Hindi Hindi Hindi

Education

7. Have you attended school as a child?

x yes no x yes no yes x no x yes no x yes no

up to class 5 up to 11th grate, madhyamik

exam, couldn't effort to continue his studies after that exam

up to 7th grate

8. How important is education for you?

1 2 3 x 4 1 2 3 x 4 1 2 3 x 4 1 2 3 x 4 1 2 3 x 4

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